Each year, children are injured by hazards in and around the home. The good news is that the risk of injury can be reduced or prevented by using child-safety devices and reminding older children in the house to re-secure safety devices after disabling them.
Most of these safety devices are easy to find and are relatively inexpensive. You can buy them at hardware stores, baby equipment shops, supermarkets, drug stores, home improvement stores, on the Internet and through mail order catalogs. Safety devices should be sturdy enough to hinder access and yet easy for you to use. Voice warning alarms can be programmed with your voice, or that of their favorite beloved character.
To be effective, they must be properly installed. Follow installation instructions carefully. Remember, too, that NO device is completely childproof; determined youngsters have been known to overcome or disable them. Here are some child safety devices that can help reduce injuries to young children. But, DO NOT count on them 100%. Parents and caregivers still need to be hyper-vigilant to what kids are up to, wherever they are.
- Latches & Locks for cabinets and drawers in kitchens, bathrooms, and other areas to help prevent poisonings and other injuries. Safety latches and locks on cabinets and drawers can help prevent children from climbing and or gaining access to medicines, household cleaners, detergent pods & powders, matches, or cigarette lighters, as well as knives and other sharp objects. Even products with child-resistant packaging should be locked away and kept out of reach. This packaging is NOT childproof. Look for safety latches and locks that adults can easily install and use, but are sturdy enough to withstand pulls and tugs from children.
- Gates to help prevent falls down stairs and to keep children from entering rooms and other areas with possible dangers. Look for safety gates that children cannot dislodge easily, but that adults can open and close without difficulty. For the top of stairs, only use gates that screw to the wall. Use safety gates that meet current safety standards. Replace older safety gates that have “V” shapes that are large enough to entrap a child's head and neck.
- Door Knob Covers and Door Locks to help prevent children from entering rooms and other areas with possible dangers. Door knob covers and door locks can help keep children away from places with hazards. Be sure the door knob cover is sturdy, and allows a door to be opened quickly by an adult in case of emergency.
- Anti-Scald Devices for faucets and shower heads and set your water heater temperature to 120 degrees Fahrenheit to help prevent burns from hot water. Anti-scald devices for regulating water temperature can help reduce the likelihood of burns.
- Smoke Alarms & Carbon Monoxide (CO) Alarms on every level of your home, inside each bedroom, and outside sleeping areas to alert you to fires. Smoke alarms are essential safety devices for protection against fire deaths and injuries. Check them once a month to make sure they're working. Change batteries at least once a year or consider using 10-year batteries for alarms. (RESEARCH BEST METHODS TO CHECK YOUR ALARMS. You can find sources online, on YouTube, at your local fire station.)
- Window Guards and Safety Netting to help prevent falls from windows, balconies, decks, and landings. Check these safety devices frequently to make sure they are secure and properly installed and maintained. Limit window openings to four inches or less, including the space between the window guard bars. If you have window guards, be sure at least one window in each room can be easily used for escape in a fire. Window screens are NOT effective for preventing children from falling out of windows.
- Corner and Edge Bumpers to help prevent injuries from falls against sharp edges of furniture and fireplaces. Be sure to look for bumpers that stay securely on furniture or hearth edges.
- Outlet Covers and Outlet Plates to help prevent electrocution. Outlet covers and outlet plates can help protect children from electrical shock and possible electrocution. Be sure outlet protectors CANNOT be easily removed by children and are large enough so that children CANNOT choke on them. If you are replacing receptacles, use a tamper-resistant type. You may also want to replace on-and-off toggle wall light switches with dimmer dials. This will help discourage children with light switch obsessions.
- Carbon Monoxide (CO) Alarm to help prevent CO poisoning. All consumers should install CO alarms next to their Smoke Detectors, near sleeping areas in their homes. Change batteries at least once a year.
- Cordless Window Coverings in homes with young children, in order to help prevent strangulation. Children can wrap window covering cords around their necks or can pull cords that are NOT clearly visible but are accessible and become entangled in the loops.
- Anchors to Avoid Furniture and Appliance Tip-Overs. Furniture, TVs and small appliances can tip over and crush young children. Deaths and injuries occur when children climb into or onto washers, dryers, or fireplaces; under beds, or fall against or pull themselves up on television stands, shelves, bookcases, dressers, desks, chests and ranges. For added security, anchor these products to the floor or attach them to a wall with furniture brackets or safety straps. May also consider plastic shields in front of TVs, bookcases, and curio cabinets. Check all beds and bedroom furniture for safety.
- Layers of Protection with Pools and Spas. A barrier completely surrounding the pool or spa including a tall fence with self-closing, self-latching gates is essential. If the house serves as a side of the barrier, doors heading to the pool should have an alarm or the pool should have a power safety cover. Pool alarms can serve as an additional layer of protection. Sliding glass doors, with visual and locks that must be re-secured after each use. Another layer of protection is to be certified in Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED).
But I noticed it was too quiet. Andrea should have been playing near me while I worked. She was NOT on the swing. She was NOT on the trampoline.
I bolted into the house and searched everywhere for her. I tried NOT to panic, but I had a sinking feeling in my gut. I dashed back outside to yell at the neighbor, “Hey, have you seen Andrea?”
We both started running to our backyards. We hollered for Andrea, but no answer. There was a board missing in the neighbor’s fence around his pool.
“Call 911” Joe shouted. “I’ve got her, but she’s not breathing!” the ambulance arrived with sirens and flashing lights. Two men jumped out and began mouth-to-mouth resuscitation on Andrea.
Time stood still as I could only watch helplessly. She had not been breathing for several minutes. Then she made a gurgling noise. She coughed and sputtered, trying to get air. She opened her eyes. The CPR had been successful.
< My Thoughts > “CPR had been successful.”
Learn Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) for baby, child, & adult; each requires different skills. Included in that should be Basic First Aid because of unusual bleeding which can occur due to some side effects of your child’s medication. Of course, all of this prevention is supposed to help your child feel SAFE to explore their environment. Try to balance this with plenty of SAFE play, and adventuresome activities.
The Red Cross, most hospitals, and many private agencies teach these CPR classes. There are classes which includes Automated External Defibrillator (AED) training and purchase. These trainings should also include learning what to do if a child or adult is choking; such as the ‘abdominal thrust’ known as the Heimlich maneuver. And, stay certified.
Trainings can include Basic First Aid (Medications can cause unusual wound bleeding… know how to treat ‘bite’ injuries.); make certain that all trainings show you how to deal with BOTH children and adults. These classes are all offered online, also. But this is something you should to do in person.
Retrieved from – https://www.cpsc.gov/Safety-education/Safety-guides/kids-and-babies/childproofing-your-home-12-Safety-devices-protect
The following was retrieved from – http://www.greaterlearninglp.com/6-Safety-steps-children-autism/
6 Safety Steps To Consider When Setting Up A Yard For Autistic Children
Posted by: Jenny Wise Tags: Activities, Children, Safety / Categories: Children, Speech
As a parent, keeping your kids safe is your top priority, especially in your own yard. If you’re a parent of a child on the autism spectrum, you have some extra concerns to think about. Luckily, there are some simple ways to keep your yards safe, fun, and accessible for children on the spectrum. Follow these steps to keep your whole family safe.
1. Check Fences and Gates Often
Children who are on the spectrum and/or very curious siblings can wander or bolt suddenly. That’s why having a secure, functional perimeter fence is essential. If you don’t have a fence, consider having one installed. If you have a fence, do a perimeter sweep on a regular basis to check for structural issues. To keep your kids extra safe, install a keyed or combination lock on any gates they have access to while outside. This ensures that a strong wind, or curious hand, won’t be able to swing gates open. Determined pets have also been known to open gates and get to the other side of fences.
2. Keep Lawns and Patios Clean
Sensory issues can make your children sensitive to scratchy grass or slippery spots. Aside from
sensory issues, problems with your patio and yard can also cause other issues. Children can trip
and injure themselves when running over holes in the ground or loose portions of patios. Do a
check from time to time of your yard, and try to keep things tidy, with a good line-of-sight to all areas.
3. Set Up SAFE, Accessible Fun
There are so many fun activities you can set up for your kids on the spectrum, but sometimes your children may want to have some traditional backyard fun. Swing sets and trampolines are always a great addition to any family’s backyard, but be sure your family is practicing safety rules. Falls and accidents can cause serious injury, so always supervise your children when swinging or on the trampoline or jungle gym. Helmets and knee pads can make falls less serious and give you peace of mind. Look for the best swing sets to suit your family’s needs, and be sure to follow installation instructions when setting it up.
4. Be Aware of Toxic Plants
All children, including those on the spectrum, tend to explore the world with all of their senses. This includes putting things they shouldn’t in their mouths. If you’re new to your home, take a look around your backyard, making sure there aren’t any potentially poisonous plants. Common backyard plants, like azalea, iris, and castor beans can be dangerous when consumed by people or pets. While less common, poison ivy and sumac can creep their way into home gardens as well and cause painful rashes that will be especially bothersome to children with sensory issues. Identify and remove these plants from your yard, and always research the appropriateness of new plants before you choose to put them within reach of children.
5. Install a Safety System
Gates and fences are good for keeping your children SAFE, but a security system can give you added opportunity to track your children. You can review and buy a video monitoring system online and install it yourself, or have a professional security company do it for you. Having video surveillance will allow you to keep an eye on your children in ‘real’ time. If you have a pool, think about installing a pool alarm as well as a video system. Most systems are viable on your smart phones, too.
6. Provide Some Shade!
Children on the spectrum may be more prone to sunburns, due to the common side effects of many medications. Provide some shaded playtime for your children when they are having fun in the yard. Consider setting up a pergola, some tilting sunshades, or safety-anchored umbrellas to cover portions of the yard. When your children are out in the sun, keep them covered with sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses. Don’t forget to cover their ears as well!
Setting up an accessible, safe but monitored haven in your backyard can encourage outdoor play and development. Follow these tips to keep your family safe while having fun in your yard and making only the best of memories with each other. And, eating outside which are needed skills for many of their school and park experiences.
Never become complacent about what you ‘think’ your child can and can’t do. S/he can become Houdini when focused on a novel task or having some sort of exciting sensory experience.
Siri (2015) said that he had photos of Alex with contact information printed on an engraved bracelet. Besides his name and my name and phone number, I included –
- Autism & Epilepsy
- Multiple medications
Members of the general public, and even some Safety Officials may NOT know the word ”autistic” or ASD. They are even more unlikely to know what autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) or pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) means. Place a flyer by the front door with photo, description, and other information which may be copied and circulated.
Children who have ASD display mild to severe impairments in social interaction and communication. Behavior can be wildly different as well. For example, one autistic child may run away at the sound of a loud siren, whereas another may be attracted to the loud noise. There have been numerous cases of autistic children running back into a burning building and hiding because the scene outside was perceived as too chaotic.
Kupietz (2019) tells us that a few commonly cited tendencies of the person with autism which both parents and first responders should know are:
- An affinity for water. Many autistic individuals are attracted to water.
- Tendency to WANDER. They are difficult to locate because they hide, do NOT seek help, and do NOT respond verbally when called.
- Limited ability to communicate. Many autistic children communicate visually rather than verbally. Many can understand what a person is saying, but are NOT able to communicate in return.
- High thresholds of pain. Many individuals have higher than normal thresholds for pain. Just because an individual is not displaying signs of pain does NOT mean they aren’t injured.
- Work directly with a parent or caregiver. Many autistic children will only respond to their caregivers and are often frightened by unfamiliar people.
- Speak clearly, slowly and use literal, direct language. It often appears that an autistic child is NOT paying attention because they are NOT making eye contact, but many do. Remain calm, be patient and use soft, calming tones, and provide plenty of time for an answer.
- Minimize stimulation. Limit the use of sirens, horns and lights, and reduce the number of responders present. If autistic children need to be taken to a shelter, first responders should try to provide the child with his or her own space. Even marking off an area with chairs can help the child establish boundaries. Headphones can also help the child remain calm during chaotic or loud situations.
- Minimize physical contact. Be aware that many autistic children have sensory issues where even common things, like the application of bandages, may cause distress.
- If a physical exam is necessary, start at extremities and work towards the trunk and head. This helps gain the trust of the individual. It can also help to use a favorite toy or item for comfort.
Be cautious during safety restraint. If an autistic person must be restrained, First Responders need to realize that many of them, if they are held in place too long, can suffer from mechanical asphyxiation. Do NOT underestimate their strength and determination. The more an autistic person is restrained, the harder they fight because they do NOT understand the situation.
Retrieved from – https://medlineplus.gov/childSafety.html
Until recently, Hilton (2017), tells us that the voices of autistic people have been absent from the conversation about why wandering is such an issue with this population. Naoki Higashida, a 13 year-old-boy with nonverbal autism, through facilitated communication, answered questions concerning his elopement activity.
Question to Naoki: Why did you WANDER off?
Answer: My body was lured there by ‘something’ outside. As I was walking farther from home, I didn’t feel any fear or anxiety. I had to keep walking on and on. Turning back was NOT permitted, because roads never come to an end. Roads speak to us people with autism, and invite us onward. Until someone brings us back home, we don’t know what we’ve done and then we’re as shocked as anyone.
Avonte’s body was found by a passerby in the East River. The cause of his death was never determined. The medical examiner concluded that he had most likely fallen from an embankment into the East river and drowned. This tragedy “prompted local officials and politicians to call for review of educational policies and school-security protocols for children with disabilities. According to Hilton (2017) Avonte ran out of the unlock school door into the street.
The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children so that they are better equipped to handle scenarios that involve missing children with ASD.” The sights and sounds of the city “can be overstimulating and distracting for children and teens with autism, often leading to wandering as a way to escape. Voluntary tracking devices will help our teachers and parents in the event that the child runs away and, God forbid, goes missing,” said Senator Charles E. Schumer.
Schumer called for the Department of Justice (DOJ) to create and fund a program to provide voluntary tracking devices for children who have autism or other developmental disorders, for whom “bolting” from parents or caregivers is common. The voluntary program would only be for parents who choose to use the devices.
Update: WASHINGTON – Friday, March 23, 2018 Grassley, Klobuchar, Tillis, Schumer Bill to Aid Families of Missing Autism, Alzheimer’s Patients Passes Congress. Congress today passed bipartisan legislation to help families locate missing loved ones with Alzheimer’s disease, autism and related conditions. Kevin and Avonte’s Law (S. 2070), named in honor of two boys with autism who perished after wandering from Safety, also supports training for caregivers to prevent and respond to instances of wandering. The bill was included in an omnibus government funding package, which President Trump’s signed into law, March 28, 2018. Retrieved from: https://nationalautismassociation.org/kevin-avontes-law-has-passed/
Siri (2015) exclaims that, “My son himself has wandered, and was gone for more than two hours on one occasion, in Manhattan, Upper East Side, no less. What had happened was that Alex had gotten out through the “back” building to the street and decided to walk towards 2nd Avenue and a kindly neighbor in another apartment building realized something was up and actually knew of Alex just from being in the neighborhood.
After giving him a sandwich and banana, she called the police, and they jointly returned him to our building. Police suggest a bracelet with the usual “lost” information; however Alex can easily rip that off (and has). My purpose in sharing this is twofold. One, to just help me unwind! The other, to communicate to those who have experienced similar “runs” that they are NOT alone, and that people, our neighbors, the police can be caring and concerned. Some of those involved hugged me and slapped my back in a show of support. I thank them all!
< My Thoughts > “…what these disorders mean…”
People, even professional responders may NOT be familiar with these terms. Or. Worse, may think of a stereotype such as Rainman, whose focus was on data and statistics. But Alex was a ‘wanderer’ who somehow found himself in the back building, which was unfamiliar to him.
This made me think about how we routinely take Sonny to the car from the front of the house to get in the car, and out the back to walk in the yard. But what if in a moment of zeal or charge of adrenaline, he found his way into the alley, or the side of the house where he is unfamiliar? Would he quickly become disoriented and probably NOT be able to find his way back inside the house? Yes!
And, of course mistakenly, I would never think to start out looking for him in an unfamiliar direction. While moving through a warren of alleyways, he could be in a whole different neighborhood. Yikes! Then there’s his appearance. He ‘looks so normal’ although may appear to be drunk or a druggie as he staggers around in hot pursuit of something or someone he imagines in his world. He’s a 37-year old adult-child wanderer and may or may not even be clothed when he takes off. Smiles.
Lord (2003) says of her son, “If David had a wet shirt he’d be wild to take it off. Faster than you could blink the shirt would be off. The pants too, if they were wet. That’s why we had the rule – keep your pants on! Unless Mom or Dad tells you to take them off.”
Jones (2013) says, “This is something you really need to understand if you want to know what it’s like to be me, one Autistic girl, trying desperately to find a place of safety and comfort in this world.” “What you don’t see is the amazing victories I accomplish every day. Because all the work I have put in has only succeeded in making me appear flawed in your eyes instead of disabled. I have worked so hard and accomplished so much only to be told that if I work a little harder I might measure up to mediocre."
REFERENCES used here are:
Barnes, E. W. (2014). Building in Circles: The Best of Autism Mom, eBook Edition.
Bogdashina, O. & Casanova, M. (2016). Sensory Perceptual Issues in Autism and Asperger Syndrome, Different Sensory Experiences – Different Perceptual Worlds; Second Edition: London; Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Donkers, F., Schiput, S., Baranek, G., et al. (2015). Attenuated Auditory Event-Related Potentials & Associations with Atypical Sensory Response Patterns in Children with Autism; Journal of Autism Developmental Disorders; V45, p506–523.
Hilton, L. (2017). Avonte's Law: Autism, WANDERing & the Racial Surveillance of Neurological Difference; African American Review, V50:2, p221-235.
Jones, S.R. (2013). No You Don’t – Essays from an Unstrange Mind; eBook Edition 2013.
Kupietz, K. (2019). Understanding the Volunteer Deficit Will Lead to Better Recruitment & Retention; American Military University.
Lord, C. (2003). Rules (for David); eBook Edition.
Phelan, S. (2015). Understanding the Subtypes of Sensory Processing Disorder; Retrieved from nspt4kids.com › Resources › Occupational Therapy.
Potvin, J. (2013). Autism Triple Twist: Survival Stories of Parents, Triplets and Autism; eBook Edition.
Siri, K. (2015). 101 Tips for the Parents of Boys with Autism (2010) Edition & 1,001 Tips for the Parents of Autistic Boys Edition; eBook Edition.
Solomon, O., & Lawlor, M. (2018). Beyond V40.31: Narrative Phenomenology of Wandering in Autism & Dementia; Culture Medicine & Psychiatry Journal; V42, p206-243.
Senator (2006) reminisces about families, close friends, and certain of Nat’s teachers all became part of what we called his cult, people who believe that he is capable of much because that’s what they want to believe. Nat’s cult has been our lifeline.
About friends, Jones (2013) tells us, “I am who I am and I don’t hate being Autistic but it can be really hard to deal with the parts of autism that make it really hard for me to connect with other people.”
“For me, the hardest thing about living Autistic is how much distance it puts between me and others… because of my sensory sensitivities. It’s hard for me to go out in the world all day, every day because the world is filled with bright lights, high-pitched sounds, bright colors, fast movement. The world is exhausting…”
Yes! Sicile-Kira (2014), tells us that persons with ASD “may have a hard time making sense of their world, and so the sameness in certain areas provides a predictability and security missing from an existence that they are having a hard time comprehending”
Senator (2006) sums it up by saying that doing research occupied her fully and gave her a sense of purpose. As for Ned, she continues, the information I had dug up gave him some peace, at last. I began to feel more peace of mind, too, as I understood better what we were dealing with and what I would have to do to help Nat.
My next step was to locate other people like me. I called the local branch of the Department of Mental Retardation, which ran an autism support group at a nearby office. My first night at the autism support group felt to me like coming home.
I should have trusted my gut. Because of the delay in diagnosing Nat, he had missed out on at least a year of potentially helpful therapies. I found strength and relief being with people who had been wounded like me, who had lost the dream of perfect children, who understood how harsh this world can be. I told Ned about the meeting, but going to support groups was NOT his thing.
< My Thoughts > “Support groups…”
Some parents who joined online support or interest groups for parents of children with disabilities stated that overall it was helpful. That sometimes you have to ‘shop around’ to find what fits your needs, because many groups take a one-size-fits-all approach.
Studies show that parents seek out support groups for vary different reasons. There are those who are looking for ways to cope with the news. Others, who are seeking information, resources, and strategies to help them make connections, take action and move on.
Many parents want to find a support or interest group in their area, or a group that they can identify with… such as parents with an older child or adult who has just been diagnosed. Some parents are looking for ways to deal with their anxiety, depression, or seeking an overall sense of well-being. Or, parents who are trying to find other ‘single’ parents, or parents who are on the spectrum themselves. Or parents who have several children on the spectrum, or a large family with only one child on the spectrum.
Bonker & Breen (2011) say, “Some of my closest friends are relentless autism moms whom I have never met face-to-face. We have met on the internet, creating our own virtual network of support. I know that I can contact them at any hour with some panicked question and they will send it out on our network to get the answer. Mostly, we talk about poop. Healthy poop is a holy grail in autism land. Enough said.”
< My Thoughts > “ … relentless autism moms whom I have never met face-to-face.
“We have met on the internet, creating our own virtual network of support.”
Clifford & Minnes (2013) researched a support group made up primarily of parents of children with autism from Canada and the United States. They determined that joining an online support group was “useful in making participating parents feel less alone and greatly increasing their knowledge of resources.” Parents reported that attending ‘group’ was more empowering, giving them greater feelings of acceptance towards their child and towards having a child with ASD.
One parent said that being able to provide assistance to another group member helped her in return. Another parent felt that she was now able to better deal with her child’s behavior problems. Still other parents emphasized the value of learning with others about how to cope with their stress. Some stated that they were learning better ways to advocate for their child.
While there were others who felt that having more of an agenda or topic schedule would improve the discussions. Also, as a parent mentioned, that it would be advantageous to have a long-term measured response to popular intervention programs, they wanted to have more parents of older children with ASD participating in their support group. There is so much out there and so many like-minds online to have discussions with; it may be worth your time to search them out. Isolation is the enemy of families with autism.
Senator (2011) No one has a perfect life! …autism was not all of what Nat was. Autism parents must cope with the negative perceptions and stereotypes and seek ways to be happier and find that happiness with their children and on their own.
In her book, Susan tells how different parents found a degree of happiness and their “peace of mind” in novel ways.
Nancy Bea focuses on fine-tuning Henry’s medication and his education program, along with the use of visuals and highly organized schedules.
Kim says her kids love amusement parks and carousels… they love to spin …we never let autism trap us in our home.
For Cathy, an ‘aupair’ solution was a godsend. Of course, not everyone can afford that… but, perhaps you can find a local college student, guy or gal, to board with you. (Maybe even someone who is studying child behavior or in a teacher education program.)
For some it’s belly dancing, for others is continuing with hobbies they love (painting, cartooning, & doodling). There are those who write poetry, join competitions and escape for awhile.
Rebecca and Beth enjoy scrapbooking… alone, creating, recharging. Then later sharing with the family who love to see what they’ve done with their pictures.
Alastair has built a nursery with a huge collection of bonsai trees. His wife gave up smoking and began running marathons.
Bonnie is “so into having and caring for Beta fish that my family has threatened intervention…”
Eileen discovered motorcycling as her way of coping and creating balance. “It is so much fun to play dress up… put on my leathers and my biggest earrings and go for a ride along the ocean…”
Susan reminded me that spiritual grounding can be an important aspect of self-care. “I go to yoga class and to Zen meditation…”
Amy feels like she’s accomplished something when after a workout, she feels sweat pouring down her face… "I have burned four hundred calories with exhausting exercise. Revitalized by a hot shower and renewed spirit."
< My Thoughts > “…For me, Sara Luker… its Tai Chi! Support can be a creative and inspirational thing. Smiles
Senator (2011) encourages us by saying, “The sun will come up tomorrow and we will still have autism within our family. I can choose how I live it.”
We do not have to trade ourselves for our children, or our happiness for our children’s happiness. Even something as confounding and difficult as autism in the family is not the end of a happy life. Once we understand that, we will get there and it will all be OK.
One day you will feel that something inside you has shifted, lightened. When you look at your child, you no longer see a mass of problems, a broken thing to be fixed; you see your kid, just your kid.
One day you will know that it’s just your life, warts, autism, and all. And you can’t wait to start living it to its fullest. Once you know this…you have just won the game.
References used here:
Bonker & Breen (2011). I Am In Here: The Journey of a Child with Autism Who Cannot Speak but Finds Her Voice; eBook Edition.
Clifford, T. & Minnes, P. (2013). Logging On: Evaluating an Online Support Group for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders; Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders; 43;1662-675.
Jones, S. R. (2013). No You Don’t – Essays from an Unstrange Mind; eBook Edition.
Senator, S. (2006). Making Peace with Autism: One Family’s Story of Struggle; Discovery & Unexpected eBook Edition.
Senator, S. (2011). The Autism Mom’s Survival Guide (for Dad’s, too!): Creating a Balanced and Happy Life While Raising a Child with Autism; eBook Edition.
Sicile-Kira, C. (2014). Autism Spectrum Disorder (revised): The Complete Guide to Understanding Autism; New York, New York: Penguin Random House Company.